A year after the elections, 1 person in the legislative, 3 persons in the judiciary, 6 persons in the executive,  21 in other organs will be in office from those high ranking officials that the current government or the Fidesz parliamentary majority appointed.


The legislative is the supreme branch of power which can determine the operational framework of the other two branches as well through the adoption of legislation and the drawing up of the constitution. The legislative powers are exercised by the National Assembly. Two other institutions may be related to it, the Fiscal Council, since the Parliament may not adopt the national budget without the consent of the latter, and the State Audit Office, which checks the spending of grant funds from the central budget on behalf of the legislator. Following the elections of 2022, two high-level senior officers retain their positions.

  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 2018
  • 2022
  • 2026
  • 2030
  • 2034

Elections in April 2022

State Audit Office

It is responsible for auditing the spending of public funds and supervising the legality of the financial management of political parties. In that respect it may impose payment obligations for political parties.

Appointment term: 7/5/10 - 7/5/22

László Domokos (President)

Fiscal Council

It is a body supporting the legislative work of the National Assembly. The adoption of the act on the budget requires the consent of the Council, which may refuse to give its consent if, in its view, the proposal of the budget does not comply with the rules on public debt control. It may also veto the amendment of the adopted budget and may significantly limit the margins of fiscal maneuver of the Government or the Parliament.

Appointment term: 1/10/12 - 1/10/24

Dr. Árpád Kovács (President)


Although it is a branch independent from politics, it may, nevertheless, significantly affect the latter. On one hand, it prosecutes political corruption as part of the exercise of criminal jurisdiction, and, on the other hand, it may review and annul the decisions of administrative authorities subject to the executive through the functioning of jurisdiction in administrative matters. After the elections, three senior officers retain their positions.

  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 2018
  • 2022
  • 2026
  • 2030
  • 2034

Elections in April 2022


It is the highest forum in the organizational structure of the judiciary, its responsibilities include legal harmonization as part of which a limited case-law system has been introduced in 2020. Accordingly, lower courts may deviate from the judgments of the Curia only by expressly referring to the reasons thereof. Its President, beside his authority over courts, has a substantial role in the assignment of cases to judges, in determining the composition of judicial chambers and the promotion of judges within the Curia.

Appointment term: 1/2/21 - 1/2/29

dr. András Varga Zs. (President)

Office of the Prosecutor General

It is the highest organ within the organizational structure of the prosecution, and the representative of the state’s monopoly of prosecution. The Prosecutor General has a decisive influence on laying and representing charges by prosecutors. If the prosecution lays no charges, the courts cannot proceed in the case.

Appointment term: 12/14/10 - 12/15/28

dr. Péter Polt (Prosecutor General)

National Office for the Judiciary

It is the central administrative organ of courts. Its President has a fundamental impact on the organizational system of the judiciary through his powers concerning job applications of judges, appointments, assessments of job performance and promotions, and by other means.

Appointment term: 12/10/19 - 12/10/28

Dr. György Barna Senyei (President)


The supreme organ of the executive is the government, but in recent years several responsibilities that traditionally belong to the powers of the government or the executive have been outsourced to authorities which are formally independent from the actual government. The principal officers of those authorities may not receive any official instructions from, and may be removed by the government, only in a very limited number of cases. After the elections of 2022, six senior officers retain their positions.

  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 2018
  • 2022
  • 2026
  • 2030
  • 2034

Elections in April 2022

National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information

It is responsible for monitoring the observance of rights and obligations related to data protection and freedom of information. It may initiate administrative procedures for data protection against natural and legal persons alike, and it has an influence on developing the case-law related to the access to data of public interest.

Appointment term: 1/1/12 - 1/1/30

dr. Attila Péterfalvi (President)

Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority

It is responsible for the official supervision related to the safety and protection of nuclear installations, radioactive waste storage facilities, and radioactive material. Its responsibilities include the authorization of Paks II. It will operate as an independent regulatory authority as of 1 January 2022.

Appointment term: 9/29/21 - 1/1/31

Andrea Beatrix Kádár (General Director, President from 2022)

Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority

As an independent regulatory authority it has a substantial influence on the energy sector, which has strategic importance and a decisive role in the economy, for example, by means of issuing authorizations or by regulating the market.

Appointment term: 7/13/20 - 7/13/27

Péter János Horváth (President)

Media Council

Its responsibilities include the authorization of mergers in the media market, the allocation of frequencies and the promotion of media pluralism. Or its obstruction, as the case may be: the re-classification of advertisements of the governmental campaign as advertisements for public purposes was a great step in the direction of the latter.

Appointment term: 12/14/21 - 12/14/30

Dr. András Koltay (President)

National Media and Infocommunications Authority

As a media supervisory authority it is an actor vested with powers and significant influence on the media market by means of managing frequency tender procedures and adopting sector specific regulations. The Media Council is its independent body.

Appointment term: 12/4/21 - 12/4/30

Dr. András Koltay (President)

Supervisory Authority for Regulated Services

It is responsible for managing and supervising concessions and authorizations related to gambling, tobacco, judicial execution, and liquidators. As result, the authority has particularly significant economic powers.

Appointment term: 10/1/21 - 10/1/30

Marcell Biró (President)


In the Hungarian constitutional system, there are several public office holders and organs that cannot be clearly classified as part of one branch of power, but which have important roles in maintaining the operability of the state, or function as checks and balances between other branches of power. If these organs exercise their powers in an obstructive manner that will not only limit the margin of maneuver of the government but may fundamentally jeopardize the operation of the state. Following the elections, 21 senior officers retain their positions.

  • 2010
  • 2014
  • 2018
  • 2022
  • 2026
  • 2030
  • 2034

Elections in April 2022

Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

He has the right to request information and to enter public institutions and carries out fact-finding activities as part of his responsibilities to protect fundamental rights. He can make an impact on public life primarily by means of public disclosures, but since 1 January 2021 he is also in charge of discrimination cases formerly falling within the competence of the now dissolved Authority for Equal Treatment.

Appointment term: 9/26/19 - 9/26/25

dr. Ákos Kozma (Commissioner for Fundamental Rights/Ombudsman)

Constitutional Court

The supreme guardian and authentic interpreter of the Fundamental Law. Its substantial importance is primarily due to its powers to annul newly adopted legal regulations (so-called preliminary norm control) and legal regulations already in force (posterior norm control), and by means of the institution of constitutional complaints, but it also has an important role, for example, in the procedure to remove the President of the Republic from office.

Appointment term: 9/1/11 - 9/1/23

dr. Béla Pokol (member)

Appointment term: 9/1/11 - 9/1/23

dr. Péter Szalay (member)

Appointment term: 9/1/11 - 9/1/23

dr. Mária Szívós (member)

Appointment term: 9/1/11 - 9/1/23

dr. Egon Dienes-Ohm (member)

Appointment term: 2/25/13 - 2/25/25

dr. László Salamon (member)

Appointment term: 4/3/13 - 4/3/25

dr. Imre Juhász (member)

Appointment term: 9/27/14 - 9/27/26

dr. Tamás Sulyok (President)

Appointment term: 11/15/14 - 11/15/26

dr. Ágnes Czine (member)

Appointment term: 12/1/16 - 12/1/28

dr. Balázs Schanda (member)

Appointment term: 12/1/16 - 12/1/28

dr. Attila Horváth (member)

Appointment term: 12/1/16 - 12/1/28

Ildikó dr. Hörcherné dr. Harosi (member)

Appointment term: 12/1/16 - 12/1/28

dr. Marcel Szabó (member)

Appointment term: 1/1/20 - 1/1/32

dr. Tünde Handó (member)

Appointment term: 4/15/20 - 4/15/32

dr. Miklós Juhász (member)

Appointment term: 6/22/21 - 6/22/33

dr. Zoltán Márki (member)

President of the Republic

His functions are mainly of ceremonial nature but can potentially hinder the operation of the state in several ways. For example, if he does not sign the already adopted laws or exercises his rights to appoint ministers, judges, rectors, professors, the President of the Curia, the Prosecutor General and many other officials in an obstructive manner.

Appointment term: 5/10/12 - 3/13/27

dr. János Áder's term expires on 10 May 2022 at the latest, his successor will be elected by the current Parliament for 5 years

Hungarian National Bank and the Monetary Council

As the central bank, it has a fundamental influence on economic life by means of setting the base interest rate, its powers as supervisory authority and market interventions. It is not obliged to pay its own profit to the central budget but may use such funds to finance foundations and make expenditures without any control by the state.

Appointment term: 3/4/13 - 3/4/25

dr. György Matolcsy (President)

Media Services Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA)

It has a significant cultural impact and information power by means of public service broadcasting production. Its programs are produced for Duna Media Services Nonprofit Zrt. It is managed by the Media Council.

Appointment: 2018.10.01. Mandate held for an indefinite period

Dániel Papp (General Director), mandate held for an indefinite period

National Election Commission (NVB)

The National Election Commission (NVB) is entitled to adopt a decision inter alia, about the verification of questions intended for a referendum and may review decisions related to and results of elections and may adjudge complaints concerning the election procedure. The quasi-judicial role of the NVB (declaring the results of elections, adjudication of complaints) is somewhat lessened by the powers of judicial review of the Curia.

Appointment term: 2/19/21 - 2/19/30

dr. András Téglási (President)

National Election Office (NVI)

The National Election Office (NVI), as an autonomous body, is responsible for the technical arrangements and the fairness of elections.

Appointment term: 9/15/20 - 9/15/29

dr. Attila Mihály Nagy (President)

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